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20th Global Nephrologists Annual Meeting, will be organized around the theme “Ascertaining consequential treatment technologies in Nephrology ”

Nephrologists 2019 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Nephrologists 2019

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A nephron is the basic and useful element of the kidney. Its central capacity is to manage the grouping of water and dissolvable substances like sodium salts by separating the blood, reabsorbing what is required and discharging the rest as pee. A nephron expels squanders from the body, manages blood volume and weight, directs levels of electrolytes and metabolites, and controls blood pH. Its capacities are essential to life and are controlled by the endocrine framework by hormones, for example, antidiuretic hormone, aldosterone, and parathyroid hormone. In people, a typical kidney contains 800,000 to one million nephrons.

Nephrology is basically worried about the determination and treatment of kidney sicknesses. Nephrology additionally incorporates hypertension, electrolyte unsettling influences and furthermore those individuals who require renal situation treatment that likewise incorporates renal transplant patients. A portion of the kidney maladies are foundational issue that are confined just to the organ yet can likewise require extraordinary treatment.

The investigation of pediatric nephrology decides determination and administration of babies with interminable and intense kidney issue. The division of pediatric nephrology surveys and treats hypertension, hematuria, proteinuria, renal tubular acidosis, nephrolithiasis, glomerulonephritis and kidney harm in youngsters. It likewise incorporates finish care to pediatric patients with end organize kidney disorders, including thought to patients encountering peritoneal dialysis, hemodialysis and kidney transplantation in infants.

  • Track 2-1Pediatric Renal Failure
  • Track 2-2Pediatric chronic hemodialysis
  • Track 2-3Advances in Pediatric Kidney Operation
  • Track 2-4Pediatric Nephritis
  • Track 2-5Pediatric Kidney stones
  • Track 2-6Pediatric Kidney Dialysis
  • Track 2-7Kidney Care in children
  • Track 2-8Pediatric Renal Transplantation
  • Track 2-9Pediatric Renal Nutrition
  • Track 2-10Pediatric Urology

Clinical Nephrology is the sub claim to fame of medicine that deals with the investigation of the working of the ordinary kidney, issues in kidney functioning , treatment of the variation from the norm in kidney working, renal transplantation and in addition kidney transplant techniques.

  • Track 3-1Experimental Nephrology
  • Track 3-2Acute and Chronic Renal diseases
  • Track 3-3Diabetic Nephropathy
  • Track 3-4Dialysis
  • Track 3-5Hemofiltration

Dialysis works on the objective of the diffusion of solutes and ultrafiltration of liquid over a semi-penetrable layer. Diffusion is a property of substances in water substances in water tend to move from a territory of high fixation to a range of low focus. The two primary sorts of dialysis, Hemodialysis and Peritoneal dialysis removes wastes and water from the blood in various ways. Hemodialysis removes waste water by circling blood outside the body through an outer filter called a dialyzer that contains a semipermeable layer. There are five types of dialysis three are primary and two are secondary types of dialysis: Hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis, hemofiltration are primary types of dialysis and were as hemodiafiltration, and intestinal dialysis is secondary type of dialysis.

The most common procedure of kidney replacement therapy is dialysis, is a method of cleaning the blood with artificial kidneys. There is of types of dialysis they are:

1. Hemodialysis 2. Peritoneal dialysis.

Hemodialysis: Hemodialysis required with the patients of renal failure. In this process of Hemodialysis, an artificial kidney purifies blood. We ought to make an "access," usually in the forearm where blood can easily be taken from the body and directed to the artificial kidney for purification. The access collects blood from patient body and undergoes purification in artificial kidney and again injected the purified blood in to patient body.

Peritoneal dialysis: In peritoneal dialysis no artificial kidney is used. The peritoneum (lining inside your abdomen) is used as a filter instead of artificial kidney. Peritoneal dialysis is of two types they are continuous cycling peritoneal dialysis and continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis. Peritoneal dialysis is used in kidney failure patients.

  • Track 4-1Haemodialysis
  • Track 4-2Chronic dialysis
  • Track 4-3Extracorporeal Dialysis: Techniques and Adequacy
  • Track 4-4Complications of Dialysis
  • Track 4-5Vascular Access in Dialysis
  • Track 4-6Intestinal dialysis
  • Track 4-7Hemodiafiltration
  • Track 4-8Hemofiltration
  • Track 4-9Pediatric dialysis
  • Track 4-10Peritoneal dialysis
  • Track 4-11Medical applications dialysis

Kidney transplantation or renal transplantation is the organ transplant of a kidney into a patient with end-arrange kidney diseases. Kidney transplantation is commonly named deceased donor known as cadaveric or living donor transplantation relying upon the wellspring of the giver organ. Living donor kidney transplants are formerly differentiated as non-related living transplants or, living related transplants contingent upon whether a biological relationship exists between the kidney donor and kidney recipient. Exchanges and chains are a novel way to deal with grows the living donor pool.

  • Track 5-1Kidney Transplantation recipients
  • Track 5-2Transplantation rejection
  • Track 5-3Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder
  • Track 5-4Kidney pancreas transplant
  • Track 5-5Immunosuppression
  • Track 5-6Kidney exchange
  • Track 5-7Compatible kidney
  • Track 5-8Kidney paired donation
  • Track 5-9Deceased donors
  • Track 5-10Kidney Biopsy
  • Track 5-11Renal function in living kidney donors
  • Track 5-12Renal replacement therapy
  • Track 5-13Living donors of kidney
  • Track 5-14Artificial Kidney

Diet and nutrition both play an important role for proper living and making a kidney function properly. If the functioning of kidney will hamper due to some disease, it will also affect the nutrition intake of an individual. The major components which slow down the progression of chronic kidney diseases include reduced level of sodium intake, which will help in controlling blood pressure and managing diabetes.

Nephrology nurses use the nursing process to care for patients of all ages who are experiencing, or are at risk for, kidney disease.

Nephrology has been recognized as a specialty for over 35 years. In 1973, treatment for end stage kidney disease (ESRD) by haemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis, or transplantation was funded by the federal government through the Social Security program making ESRD the only disease-caused disability and became more readily available. As a result, the role of the nephrology nurse grew in scope, practice boundaries broadened, and the number of nephrology nurses climbed steadily.

Nephrology nursing involves both preventing disease and assessing the health needs of patients and families. Care spans the life cycle and involves patients who are experiencing the real or threatened impact of acute or chronic kidney disease; therefore nephrology nurses must be well-educated, highly skilled, and motivated.

Kidney disease, or renal disease, also known as nephropathy, is damage to or disease of a kidney. Nephritis is an inflammatory kidney disease and has several types according to the location of the inflammation. Inflammation can be diagnosed by blood tests. Nephrosis is non-inflammatory kidney disease. Nephritis and nephrosis can give rise to nephritic syndrome and nephrotic syndrome respectively. Kidney disease usually causes a loss of kidney function to some degree and can result in kidney failure, the complete loss of kidney function. Kidney failure is known as the end-stage of kidney disease, where dialysis or a kidney transplant is the only treatment option.

  1. Acute Kidney Injury (or) Disease

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is an unexpected incident of kidney failure or kidney damage that occurs within a few hours or a few days. AKI causes a build-up of waste products in your blood and makes it tough for your kidneys to keep the right balance of fluid in your body. AKI can also distress other organs such as the brain, heart, and lungs. Acute kidney injury is common in patients who are in the hospital, in intensive care units, and especially in older adults.

  1. Chronic Kidney Diseases

End-stage renal disease also termed as chronic kidney diseases (CKD) comprise conditions that damage kidneys and impair their ability to keep you hygienic by abnormal function. On condition kidney disease gets worse; wastes can accumulate to high levels in your blood and make you feel ill. You may develop issues like anemia, high blood pressure, weak bones, nerve damage and poor nutritional health. Also, kidney disease elevates your risk of having coronary disease and heart problems. These problems may occur slowly for a long period of time. Diabetes and high blood pressure are the two main causes of chronic kidney disease.

  • Track 8-1Analgesic nephropathy
  • Track 8-2IgA nephropathy
  • Track 8-3Lupus nephritis

High blood pressure (hypertension) is one of the principal causes of diabetic kidney disease and kidney failure. When blood pressure is high, there is a large amount of tension inside the blood vessels that leads to damage. These vessels may close off completely which can cause a heart attack, stroke, or kidney failure. High blood sugar and high cholesterol can also damage blood vessels. Thus people with diabetes who also have hypertension are at especially high risk for blood vessel damage. It usually takes years for blood vessels to completely close off and damage to blood vessels can be slowed down or reversed with treatment.

Kidney disease may also lead to heart disease or coronary illness because of this more than 20 million people died in the U.S. with chronic kidney disease. Chronic kidney disease induces the risk of death from cardiovascular disease. Coronary disease result for more than half of all deaths among individuals with CKD (Chronic kidney diseases).  Indeed, even early or mellow renal disease ailment puts a man at higher danger of heart ailments and heart attacks and also heart disease-related death. Kidney dialysis patients who also have cardiovascular disease are died 10 to 30 times more than in the general cardiovascular patients. Diabetes and hypertension are major risk factors for heart disease and chronic kidney disease. Kidney disease (acute kidney disease or chronic kidney disease) can induce the danger of cardiovascular ill, even with hypertension, high cholesterol and concurrent diabetes. Recent researches show that kidney diseases (renal diseases) induce heart disease, even before the kidneys are harmed to the point of requiring dialysis or transplantation.

  • Track 10-1Effects of Cardiovascular Diseases on The Kidney
  • Track 10-2Effects of The Kidney on The Cardiovascular System
  • Track 10-3Modification of Cardiac Drugs in Renal Disease
  • Track 10-4Diseases Affecting both Organs
  • Track 10-5Kidney and Vascular Diseases

A branch of medicine which deals with the study of normal kidney function, kidney problems & their treatment, it also involves renal replacement therapies.

Acute kidney failure: Dysfunction of the kidneys to filter the waste from the blood. Decreased urinary output, swelling due to urinary retention, nausea, shortness of breath is some of the symptoms. Acute tubular necrosis was death of the tubular epithelial of the renal tubules in the kidneys. Consumption of nephrotoxic drugs & low blood pressure are the common causes. Diabetes insipidus- A condition in which kidneys prevent the excretion of water. Hypocalcaemia & Several Other Case Reports Related to Nephrology.

Every nephrologist has received extensive training in general internal medicine, and many nephrologists will treat their patients for other things besides kidney problems. It’s important that patients tell their kidney doctors if they notice any changes in their health.

A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection involving the kidneys, ureters, bladder or urethra. Infection can occur in either the upper or lower urinary tract. As a rule, the higher up the infection, the more serious it is. More common in adults than children, urinary tract infections are second only to respiratory infections as the most common type of infection. About 40% of women and 12% of men have a urinary tract infection at some point in their lives.

Glomerular disease reduces the ability of the kidneys to sustain a balance of certain substances in bloodstream. Normally, the kidneys should filter toxins out of the bloodstream and emit them in the urine, but should keep red blood cells and protein in the bloodstream. In individuals with glomerular disease, red blood cells and protein might be excreted into the urine, while toxins may be retained.

Glomerular disease can occur by itself or may be associated with a fundamental medical condition that affects other organ systems, such as lupus nephritis, diabetes, or certain infections. Glomerular disease can develop rapidly or develop gradually over a period of years. Treatment of glomerular disease depends upon its cause and type.

Tubulointerstitial diseases are clinically heterogeneous disorders that share similar features of tubular and interstitial injury. In severe and prolonged cases, the entire kidney may become involved, with glomerular dysfunction and even renal failure.

Some kidney diseases result from hereditary factors. Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD), for example, is a genetic disorder in which many cysts grow in the kidneys. PKD cysts can slowly replace much of the mass of the kidneys, reducing kidney function and leading to kidney failure.

Some kidney problems may show up even before birth. Examples include autosomal recessive PKD, a rare form of PKD, and other developmental problems that interfere with the normal formation of the nephrons. The signs of kidney disease in children vary. A child may grow unusually slowly, may vomit often, or may have back or side pain. Some kidney diseases may be “silent” for months or even years.

  • Track 15-1Alport Syndrome
  • Track 15-2Bartter Syndrome
  • Track 15-3Cystic Diseases of the Kidney
  • Track 15-4Horseshoe Kidney
  • Track 15-5Medullary Sponge Kidney
  • Track 15-6Megaureter and Other Congenital Ureteral Anomalies

Renal pathology is a subspecialty of anatomic pathology that deals with the diagnosis and characterization of medical diseases (non-tumor) of the kidneys. In the academic setting, renal pathologists work closely with nephrologists and transplant surgeons, who typically obtain diagnostic specimens via percutaneous renal biopsy. The renal pathologist must synthesize findings from light microscopy, electron microscopy, and immunofluorescence to obtain a definitive diagnosis. Medical renal diseases may affect the glomerulus, the tubules and interstitium, the vessels, or a combination of these compartments.

Kidney biopsies (renal biopsy) permit us to analyse renal disorders; review anticipations; help in the resolve of a precise restorative approach; and screen ailment movement in both local and allograft transplant kidneys. To maximally abuse renal biopsy examples, a blend of light, immunofluorescence and electron microscopy is used. Each microscopy requires distinctive strategies for fixation and preparing, so each renal biopsy centres are commonly separated into three sections. Contingent upon the length of the biopsy centre or suspected illness process; in any case, the strategy for partitioning the biopsy centre might be altered.

Nephrological treatment includes Steroid medications, blood products, dialysis and plasma exchange. Kidney problems can have significant impact on quality and length of life, and so psychological support, health education and advanced care planning play key roles in nephrology.

  • Track 17-1Nephrolithotripsy
  • Track 17-2Extra corporeal shock wave lithotripsy(ESWL)
  • Track 17-3Beta-Adrenoceptor Antagonists (Beta-Blockers)
  • Track 17-4Diuretics
  • Track 17-5Vasodilator Drugs
  • Track 17-6Alpha-Adrenoceptor Antagonists (Alpha-Blockers)
  • Track 17-7Calcium-Channel Blockers
  • Track 17-8Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (ACE) Inhibitors